Nepal’s biophysical diversity from massive mountain crests (8000m.) to Tarai plains (100 m.) reflects itself in her socio-cultural diversity of 23.8 million populations (2001 census). The National Foundation for Development of Indigenous Nationalities (NFDIN) Act of 2002 identified 59 indigenous nationalities in Nepal. There are 92 different languages (2001 census) depicting over 102 different castes andethnicity. However, by the latest study report of a High Level Task Force on reforming the list of indigenous nationalities formed by Government of Nepal has recommended 81 indigenous nationalities in its report submitted on 17th Feb. 2010. Their subsistence and livelihood is closely linked with their natural resources especially those bestowed in forest ecosystems.
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