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Progress Report of NRM Project: Sep. - Dec. 2013

NARRATIVE/INTERIM REPORT

PROJECT TITLE: Strengthening the participation of indigenous peoples particularly the role and contribution of indigenous women in sustainable resource management

NGO-Federation of Nepalese Indigenous Nationalities (NGO-FONIN) is an umbrella organization of Indigenous Peoples Organizations (IPOs) and Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) led, run or managed by indigenous peoples. NGO-FONIN in the partnership of Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP)  is launching 'Strengthening the participation of indigenous peoples in sustainable natural resource management-particularly the role and contribution of indigenous women' in Nepal.

Activities:

In this connection a baseline survey was carried out in Kulung, Tamang and Bote communities.

Achievement:

Kulung in Bala VDC of Sankhuwasabha and Tamang in Churiyamai VDC and Nibuwatar VDC of Makwanpur district were found feasible.

It was learned that right based approach human rights activities particularly to indigenous women for proper utilization of natural resources to improve their livelihood is essential to the communities.

Increasing expectation of improving communities livelihood is the challenge and it can be faced by the project accompanying the active participation and available local natural resources  is the conclusion. However, it is recommended that the project need to support the communities  some management cost and travel expenses for expediting the program.

  1. BASELINE INFORMATION
  • General scenario

Nepal has three ecological zones such as mountain, hill and terai (low land) that portrait a dissent of its geography.  Census 2011 shows 123 languages speaker and 126 diverse caste and ethnic groups. The total population of the country is 26,494,504 with growth rates 1.35 per annum. Chhetree is the largest caste/ethnic groups having 16.6% (4, 398,05) of the total population followed by Brahman-Hill (12.2%; 3,22,903), Magar (7.1%, 1,887,733), Tharu (6.6%; 1,737,470), Tamang (5.8%; 1,539,830). Tamang is the third largest population within the ethnic group. Having diverse cultural characteristics mother tongue, festivals, songs, dances, dresses, customs, rituals and enjoyment they represent different identities of the peoples...

  • national context related to the project

Since the project is focused on improving livelihood of indigenous women empowering to the rights on natural resources it is relevant to the empowerment of marginalized group (women) and indigenous women are raising their voice for their distinct identity within the mainstream women movement and their meaningful participation in the state mechanisms.

issues including the policies, laws and strategies of the government on particular issues.

  • issues at local,

At local level the Local Governance Act-2055BS has provisioned to launch women empowerment activities and to consult local peoples while utilizing the natural resources. A Local Adaptation of Climate Change Program of Action (LAPA) is also formulated to involve local peoples the adaptation plan of action of climate change.

  • issues at national level

At national level government has ratified the International Labour Organization Convention No.169(1989) on the rights of indigenous and tribal peoples and underway a draft Bill on Access Benefit Sharing of Genetic Resources in which NGO-FONIN is taking initiative to facilitate a proper consultative process among the State and the rights holders and other stakeholders. In addition the policy of National Adaptation Plan of Action of Climate Change has also been initiated.

  • Brief overview of project sites/location including status, issues, concerns of indigenous peoples/ethnic minorities in relation to their marginality and vulnerability focusing on particular project/issues.

Beteni village ward no. 9 of Bala VDC of Sankhuwasabha district for Kulung community was surveyed. The total households of the village are 567 and total population is 2,828 and among them male are 1,331 and female are 1497. Beteni village is one of the pure 'Kulung' community. It lies in the south area of the district. The major issue of Kulung is to be recognized by the State as indigenous peoples. Being not recognized as indigenous peoples they are deprived of the services delivered by the State mechanisms through affirmative programs as well as they are being ignored in decision making process of development at all level. Such exclusionary behavior of the state compelled them get united and are in the identity movement. Consequently Kulung is recommended as indigenous peoples by the High Level Task Force of Reviewing the Schedule of Indigenous Nationalities as well as reported 28,613 in national population and household census-2011.

Similarly Nibuwatar VDC for Tamang and Churicyamai VDC of Makawanpur for Tamang as well as of Bote community were surveyed. Bote was found in starvation and are not interested in awareness program. Tamang in Nibuwatar was found almost all illiterate and did not find feasible to work for pilot project. Comparatively Tamang in Churiyamai VDC found somehow literate and educated and can be empowered to meet the objective of the project. In Churiyamai there are 2,980 total households and total VDC's population is 14,274, male are 6,846 and female are 7,428.

  • Government/other organizations’ initiatives related to project implementation and indigenous peoples’ positions and collective movements/struggles related to the project.

Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation (MoFSC), Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MoFALD)  at national level and their line agencies at local level including Federation of Community Forestry Users of Nepal (FECOFUN) have been consulted for  collective efforts.

  1. Approaches and Methods

A participatory and inclusive approach was used to collect baseline information. Key informants were identified, focus group discussion was conducted and structured questionnaire were used for interviewing the community. In Sankhuwasabha 28 female out of total 47 participants were present. In Makawanpur 43 female were present out of 48 in Makwanpur. Member organizations and District Chapters were mobilized to facilitate for conducing the baseline survey and enhance regular monitoring.

Coordination with member organization and According their advice consultation meeting with targeted communities, participatory workshop, focus group discussion, interview. It was good sound environment was created for these activities.

Achievements under each output/outcome based on project document (3-4 pages)

Outcome 1: The capacity of indigenous peoples, including indigenous women, in selected countries in Asia are strengthened to articulate and assert their rights and indigenous knowledge relating for sustainable natural resource management, climate change, food sovereignty and livelihoods at national, regional and international levels.

Since the baseline survey was not reflected in the logical framework it is not directly linked up with output and outcome. However, it is considered the primary activity and fall under outcome 1 the following  progress have been mentioned.

The period Sep. – Dec. 2013 was the initial phase of the project Program Coordinator was hired and the recruiting process cost for it has also been charged under the heading of human resources within the allocated budget.

REFLECT BRIEFLY ON THE OUTCOME ABOVE AND THEN ON EACH OF THE OUTPUTS

Strategy of intervention

Project activities/process

Results and achievements

Baseline study

 

  • Initially three communities (Kulung, Tamang and Bote) were studied but selected the first two only for launching the project.
  • At least two communities will be empowered.
  • Baseline study report is produced.
  • Kulung in Sankhuwasabha and Tamang in Makawanpur districts are identified for launching the project.

 

 

Result/output 1.1:

Strengthened information sharing mechanisms at the regional level for continuous awareness-raising among indigenous peoples in Asia 

 

- Quantitative and qualitative information on awareness and capacity building relating to total beneficiaries, participation in the processes.

- gender dis-aggregated data 

-

 

- this should be reported in relation to the indicators in output and outcome level

-

  •  

Result/output 1.2

At least 2 training manuals on the collective rights of indigenous peoples to land territories and resources; and indigenous women rights and their roles and contribution in natural resource management systems and 2 educational materials (posters, comic books, videos etc.) are produced, translated and distributed in at least 6 languages.

 

 

Result/Output 1.3:

At least 5 indigenous peoples organizations are trained on Community Education and Public Awareness (CEPA) on Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD), Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC), advocacy, lobbying and negotiation skills, monitoring and evaluation and other training as needed.

 

 

 

Result/Output 1.4:

At least 2 good practices of indigenous peoples relating to sustainable natural resource management systems, adaptation plans and strategies, indigenous knowledge on food sovereignty and traditional livelihoods are documented, published, disseminated and adapted for replication by at least 2 partner organizations.

 

 

 

Outcome 2: Indigenous peoples in selected areas in Asia have secured their rights to land, territories and resources, including forests.

 

REFLECT BRIEFLY ON THE OUTCOME ABOVE AND THEN ON EACH OF THE OUTPUTS

Strategy of intervention

Project activities/process

Results and achievements

Result/output 2.1:

At least 20 indigenous leaders (men and women) are trained on resource inventory, community mapping and biodiversity monitoring

 

- Quantitative and qualitative information on awareness and capacity building relating to total beneficiaries, participation in the processes.

- gender dis-aggregated data 

-

- this should be reported in relation to the indicators in output and outcome level

-

Result/output 2.2

  1. At least 3 indigenous communities in selected countries in Asia are able to develop and submit their community-based natural resource inventory and community maps to relevant government agencies.

 

 

 

Result/Output 2.3:

At least 10 civil society organizations support at least 15 indigenous organizations in advocacy for the recognition and protection of their customary rights and forest rights.

 

 

Result/Output 2.4:

At least 2 indigenous communities from among the five partner countries in Asia have secured community land titles and forest rights.

 

 

 

OUTCOME 3Indigenous peoples, particularly indigenous women, in the selected countries in Asia have sustained their engagements in relevant mechanisms, processes and bodies relating to biodiversity, sustainable development and climate change at national, regional and international levels.

REFLECT BRIEFLY ON THE OUTCOME ABOVE AND THEN ON EACH OF THE OUTPUTS BELOW.

 

 

Strategy of intervention

Project activities/process

Results and achievements

Result/output 3.1: At least 10 indigenous women leaders in selected countries in Asia are engaged in advocacy and lobbying at the national, regional and international levels.

 

- Quantitative and qualitative information on awareness and capacity building relating to total beneficiaries, participation in the processes.

- gender dis-aggregated data 

-

- this should be reported in relation to the indicators in output and outcome level

-

Result/output 3.2

At least 3 partner organizations are engaged with governments and other key actors in asserting their rights relating to biodiversity, sustainable natural resource management and climate change at the national level.

 

 

Result/Output 3.3:At least 20 indigenous organizations and 10 Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) advocate for indigenous peoples’ rights and issues relating to climate change, biodiversity, and sustainable development at all levels.

 

 

 

 

Result/Output 3.4:At least 5 policy briefing papers published on the emerging issues relating to climate change, biodiversity, sustainable development, land tenure etc. particularly focusing on women are produced for advocacy and lobbying at all levels.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF THE PROJECT INTERVENTION

 

Information on self-evaluation or an external evaluation within the current project phase

NGO-FONIN has its own monitoring system being mobilized the Executive Board Members and welcomes to any monitoring team commissioned by development partners and the government agencies.  Further, NGO-FONIN reviews program bi-annually and carry out Joint Annual Review annually (with partners) hiring external independent consultant. For this project NGO-FONIN will follow self-evaluation by the board members as well as carry out final evaluation hiring an external independent consultant at the end of project. However, at this period no monitoring activity was carried out.

 

What were the results of the M&E, what are the changes made in project implementation

Some of the activities have been changed in work schedule but no change has been made on the project activities.

 

  1. KEY LESSONS LEARNED

The key lessons learned and good practices observed for the period are as below.

      How traditional knowledge of IPs women co-relates with natural resources for sustaining livelihood was learned.

      A gap on the knowledge of government policies in Ps and IPs Women was observed.

      A rights based approach to uplift IPs and IPs women utilizing natural resources is found essential.  

 

  • Innovative methods and practices

Since the historical period of time IPs women in Sankhuwasabha are used to familiar to use nettle for making fiber and weaving cloths, medical practices, agriculture, producing seeds, identifying wild foods/stuff, medicinal herbs, plants, flower, wild bees, aquatic resources and water resources etc.  Similarly Tamang are friendly with natural resources to fulfill their domestic requirements.

 

  • Breakthrough as the successful achievement having wider impacts

Willingness and eagerness of IPs and IPs women to be aware on their rights and to improve their livelihoods was demonstrated quite impressive and convincing in Sankhuwasabha.

 

  1. DEVIATION FROM IMPLEMENTATION PLAN
  • If project activities/achievements are different from log frame, explain why with justification.

 

There is no deviation in the implementation plan.

 

  1. OBSERVED RISKS/CHALLENGES AND MANAGEMENT OF RISKS (Both internal and external risks)  (1/2 page)

Observed risks and challenges

Management of risks/challenges

Remarks

Election Commission Of Nepal  issued a code of conduct that did not allow to launch activities prior to the Election of Constituent Assembly from 22 July – 25 Nov. 2013 that also affected to the project activities.

Just waiting from 22 July – 25 Nov. 2013.

No activities were allowed to launch for empowerment activities.

Communities peoples are little bit knowledge about natural resources

Training, orientation program will be conducted with coordinating government agencies and related stakeholders. 

 

Coordination gap among government agencies and stakeholders

Frequently coordination will be done with government and stakeholders

 

Community peoples could not understand well about natural resources and indigenous rights.

Documents will be published on community language and  orientation program will be conducted.

 

 Community have hand mouth problem. They need support with training, orientation program.

Community will be trained about Government resources and access to resources and use of natural resources.

 

 

 

  1. WORK PLAN (for next 6 months to 1 year, as appropriate)

The following activities will be carried out for the next 6 months.

 

No

Activities

Org

 2013

2014

 

 Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

 

Baseline survey

NGO FONIN

 

 X

 X

 X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expand information sharing mechanisms using information technology on indigenous issues relating to environment and related processes.

NGO FONIN

 

 

  

  

 X

 X

 X

 X

 X

 X

 X

 X

 X

 X

 X

 X

 

Conduct training and workshops including community education and public awareness (CEPA) on the Convention on Biological Diversity and on Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC), advocacy, lobby and negotiation skills, and livelihood diversification.

NGO FONIN

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Document and publish good practices relating to sustainable natural resource management, adaptation practices and food sovereignty

NGO FONIN

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Organize study and exchange visits on good practices of indigenous peoples on relevant and priority issues for replication.

AIPP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Organize study and exchange visits on good practices of indigenous peoples on relevant and priority issues for replication.

NGO FONIN

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Translate, publish and distribute the training manual on resource inventory, community mapping, biodiversity monitoring

AIPP

 

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Facilitate and orgnaize training and community seminars on resources inventory mapping and community biodiversity monitoring.

AIPP

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conduct community mapping and establish monitoring team and develop the community based resource inventory

NGO FONIN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conduct  lobby activities and coordinate campaigns and advocacy for securing their collective rights and forest rights

NGO FONIN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

X

 

 

 

Joint advocacy activities with indigenous and non indigenous organizations/institutions for common policy agenda relating to

NGO FONIN

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

 

  1. SUMMARY OF THE FINANCE (as compared to the proposed budget

NGO-FONIN received US$13,540.00 in words US Dollars Thirteen Thousand Five Hundred Forty Only equivalent to local currency NPR 1,329,628.00 in words One million Three Hundred Twenty Nine Thousand Six Hundred Twenty Eight Only using the exchange rage US$1.00 = NPR 98.20 on the date of 18th Oct. 2013.

In the receipt no.479 dated 18th Oct. 2013 of the first installment the received amount in local currency NPR was by mistake mentioned NPR 1,356,560.00 and the difference comes to NPR 26,932.00 that needs to be corrected if AIPP has taken into account the local currency against the installment of US$ 13,540.

According to planning the budget allocated for baseline survey was US$ 2,700 equivalent to NPR Rs. 265, 140.00 but expenses incurred only Rs. 109, 840.00 and remaining amount will be used for producing baseline report and verification works. Similarly the budget allocated in purchasing Laptop Computer incurred NPR. 54, 000.00 only against the allocated budget NPR 68,740. The remaining amount has been utilized to purchase data modems for using internet and USB which will be reflected in the next financial report only. The salary allocated for National Coordinator has been under spent NPR. 12,377.00 due to the appointment was made only on 9th Oct. 2013. The actual expenses incurred on the salary of Program Coordination is NPR. 164, 383.00 and Finance Person's remuneration has been incurred NPR. 39, 280.00. Similarly the expenses for recruiting the Program Coordinator has been accounted  NPR. 57,159.00.  Over all the expense for the period (1st Sep. - 31st Dec. 2013) has been incurred NPR. 424,662.00 only.  See table below.

Fund Accountability Statement: Period : 1st September to 31st December,2013

Particular

Budgeted

Expenditure

Surplus/ Defficit

Amount

 1st Installment US$13,540@98.20(NPR) 

 

 

1,329,628.00

Expenditure made for the period

 

 

 

425,050.70

    Baseline survey

265,140.00

109,840.00

155,300.00

 

    Capital Cost/EquipmentComputer

68,740.00

54,000.00

14,740.00

 

    National Coordinators

176,760.00

164,383.00

12,377.00

 

    Finance person (16 months *100)

39,280.00

39,280.00

 

 

    Staff Selection Cost

58,920.00

57,159.00

1,761.00

 

Exchange diff. on receiving the remittance against the airticket of Sushree Jeevan Rana used money for paying airticket to attend IFAD consultation meeting. (see bank statement)

 

 

Total

608,840.00

425,050.70

184,178.00

904,577.30

  1. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

The following conclusions have been drawn by the implementation of project for the period of Sept - Dec. 2013.

  1. IPs and IPs women have less opportunity for educational program.
  2. Big gapes on flowing information of governmental policies, resources, information and meaningful participation.
  3. Willingness and enthusiastic participation to be engaged in the project that can be used for succeeding the project.
  4. Rich on traditional knowledge, practices, innovation and sustainable management skills for natural resources in local areas that can be enhanced through empowering indigenous peoples for improving livelihood and their economic opportunity as well as sustaining environment.

 

• Concrete recommendations

      Need rights based approach development programs activities for empowering to assert their human rights along with the improvement of their livelihood.

•Way forward

CEPA activities, institutionalized, strengthen and promote the issues via different approach. 

  1. REFERENCES,

National Report of National Population and Household Survey-2011 and Strategic Partnership Program (2009-13) Completion Report of NGO-FONIN and Baseline Survey Report of  NGO-FONINAIPPNORAD Project are used as references.

  1. ANNEXES, 

Provide the list of

  • Number and types of publications produced during the project period

At this time there is no publication except the questionnaires format provided by the AIPP.

  • Number and type of events/workshops/seminars etc. held and your role in these

Four events were conducted with different community and informal meeting was carried out in the presence of Under Secretary, Mr. Sagar Kumar Rimal, Ministry of Forest Soil and Conservation, Focal person CBD, Mr. Gokarna Raj Sharma, Local Development Officer (LDO), Makawanpur district and coordination meeting was organized with stakeholders for launching the program.

  • Number and type of beneficiaries

Altogether 530 participants (Beteni Village and Churiyamai VDC)  can be considered as direct beneficiaries of the project and Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, District Development Committee, Village Development Committee, District Forestry Officer can also be considered indirect beneficiaries due to the project enhance raising awareness on natural  resources management that should have been initiated by the state.

  • Number of participants attended particular capacity building activities and/or advocacy and lobby at different levels

Total 106 peoples were participated in the baseline survey in which 75 were female and 31 were male. There were highly marginalized 55 (Kulung community 47 and Bote 8) and marginalized were 46 (Tamang Community) and other was 6 (Magar). It was first phase program so coordinated with Local Development Officer (LDO), Ministry of Forest and soil conservation.