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Jan- May 2014 Progress Report: AIPPNORADNGO-FONIN NRM Project

Jan- May 2014 Progress Report: AIPPNORADNGO-FONIN NRM Project

Executive Summary

  • Brief summary highlighting the project activities and achievements under the outcome and output during the reporting period

NGO Federation of Nepalese Indigenous Nationalities (NGO-FONIN) has been implementing A project 'Strengthening the Participation of Indigenous Peoples particularly the Role and Contribution of Indigenous Women in Sustainable Resource Management' was contracted between NGO-FONIN and AIPP to implement its activities for the period Sept. 2013 - Dec. 2014. This is intended to highlight the progresses for the period Jan to May 2014.Eleven (11) events were conducted whereas 9 are in the two districts of community level. Two (2) events were in the national level. It was conducted 1 to 1 orientation program on the government policies, program, guideline and natural resource in the two districts Makawanpur and Sankhuwasabha districts. 401 participants were participated with 308 participants were female and 93 were male, more than 500 peoples are benefited by the sharing in the community level. There are broadcasting two FM jingle program in the district level. Specially focus on FPIC awareness program in the Nepali, Tamang and Kulung languages. FM jingle program directly and indirectly more than 3, 00,000 peoples are listening awareness at a onetime about on the FPIC, Indigenous rights and natural resources.

 Goal:

The collective rights to land, territories and resources of the indigenous peoples in Asia including the roles and contributions of indigenous women in sustainable natural resource management systems, food sovereignty and livelihoods are respected, recognized and protected at local, national, regional and international levels.

 

Objectives

The capacity of indigenous peoples, including indigenous women, in selected countries in Asia are strengthened to articulate and assert their rights and indigenous knowledge relating for sustainable natural resource management, climate change, food sovereignty and livelihoods at national, regional and international levels.

 

Outcome 1:

Indigenous peoples, including indigenous women, in selected countries in Asia are strengthened to articulate and assert their rights and indigenous knowledge relating for sustainable natural resource management, climate change and food sovereignty at local, national, regional and international levels.

 

Result/output 1.1:

1.1: Strengthened information sharing mechanisms at the regional level for continuous awareness-raising among indigenous peoples in Asia. 

 

Indicators:

1.1.1. Functional Information sharing mechanisms at the regional level- NA

1.1.2. Number of news-3, articles-2, publications-NA, videos-2, statements etc. posted in the websites and social media for awareness raising-3

1.1.3. Number of feedbacks received from partner and member organizations-3

 

Output/Activities 1.1:

Expand information sharing mechanisms using information technology on indigenous issues relating to environment and related processes.

 

Carried out Activities:

The total 6 events were conducted within the activities number 1.1.Natural resources such as forest, land, and water, national park and wildlife conservation, environment related Nepal government Acts, laws and regulation collection was done. The collected information shared with the targeted communities in during the orientation time to aware on the governmental representative system, participation and plan of the government and practices and processing about environment, natural resources to expand information sharing.Also, website upgrades for making mobile and users' friendly and ensure enough space to upload information, visual matters. Awareness program on the provision of Free Prior Informed Consent (FPIC) conducted in two community level for 6 month in Nepali, Kulung and Tamang languages. This jingle program is supporting to them for expand FPIC information at community level. More than 3 hundred thousand peoples are hearing the jingle FPIC program at a time and repeating same in the days 8 times through FM Radio. Also, National and local media is covering program the activities news and positive information about the project activities.Similarly board and staff, member organization, branch offices and networks are coordinating, conducting meeting to expand information to fulfill the program targets.

 

Result/Achievements:

The major achievements of the programs were as follows.

1.      The targeted indigenous communities i.e. Kulung and Tamang focus to indigenous women have realized the importance of the program to be aware on the subject matter in respect to governmental policies and guidelines that are being implemented at local.

2.      The communities have analysis the values to work closely with governmental line agencies and their sub ordinate mechanism to address, recognize and respect indigenous rights, participation on decision making in ground level. 

3.      It is now communities aware and understood the significance and effectiveness to work with government line agencies in joint.  

4.      Also, the targeted communities aware on indigenous rights over environment, natural resources, FPIC, and duties to be fulfilled with recognition, respect and meaningful participation at all level

5.      The communities aware and become able to prepare annual work-plan, program activities and lobby on the process of participation in planning of the local bodies such as Village Development, District Development Committee, Municipality and different governmental line agencies.

6.      It is provided the educational materials on related issues and program of the government.

7.      Local FM Radio program is taking care off to be aware about Free Prior Informed Consent (FPIC), its provision and importance for indigenous Peoples.

8.      Printed media coverage to expand information in the local, regional and national level.

9.      Coordination has developed among communities and governmental line agencies including other NGOs, Civil societies and others.

 

Result/output 1.2:

1.2. At least 2 training manuals on the collective rights of indigenous peoples to land territories and resources; and indigenous women rights and their roles and contribution in natural resource management systems and 2 educational materials (posters, comic books, videos etc.) are produced, translated and distributed in at least 6 languages.

 

Indicator:

1.2.1. Number of manuals produced-3

1.2.2. Number of educational materials produced-3

 1.2.3. Number of languages used for translating training manuals and educational materials-3

1.2.4. Number of feedbacks on the publication-1

 

1.2 Activities:

Produce, translate and distribute educational materials and training manuals in different languages.

 

Carried out Activities:

The video documentary is translation into Nepali, Kulung and Tamang languages ongoing. Similarly wall poster on CBD, Traditional Knowledge, Genetic resources, Article 8(j), 10 c,  Nagoya protocol/ ABS, PIC and its provision, Aichi Target related leaflets are preparing  

 

Result/Achievements:

Educational material such as FPIC in Nepali, Kulung and Tamang has been prepared.

 

Result/Output 1.3:

At least 5 indigenous peoples organizations are trained on Community Education and Public Awareness (CEPA) on Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD), Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC), advocacy, lobbying and negotiation skills, monitoring and evaluation and other training as needed.

 

Indicator 1.3:

1.3.1. Number of partner organizations trained-2

1.3.2. Number of indigenous peoples (men, women and youth) participated in the training-60

1.3.3. Number of training conducted-7

1.3.4. Number of feedbacks collected-2

 

1.3 Activities:

Conduct training and workshops including community education and public awareness (CEPA) on the Convention on Biological Diversity and on Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC), advocacy, lobby and negotiation skills, and livelihood diversification.

 

Carried out Activities:  

There was 3- CEPA activities were conducted including one in national level and 2 were in two district community level. Similarly 1 financial management training was conducted in national level. Participants for the financial training program were from the AIPP Nepal's MOs and program partner organizations.FPIC educational material has been prepared in Nepali and Kulung and Tamang languages.

                                                                                                                           

Result/Achievements:

1.         Participants on CEPA program to aware and educate them about CBD, ABS, FPIC, ILO 169, UNDRIP, Natural resources, government policies, program and plan related with natural resources and IPs rights

2.         The community representatives aware on issues of Forest, Conservation, National Parks, wildlife and related with other Natural Resources and its importance

3.         The participants underlined the relationship between bio-diversity and indigenous peoples and their identity with their traditional knowledge, skills and practices and they are to be protected.

4.         As feedback reflection indicate, it is understood that themselves have to initiate for ensuring the meaningful participation of indigenous peoples and indigenous women on decision making in the State and in local.

5.         Rights cannot be enjoyed unless indigenous women self come forward to use and implement and raise voice it.

6.          Indigenous women need to be united to advocate for collective rights

7.         The Communities have been empowering on the rights of indigenous issues.  Slowly, They have been started to get in the dialect process in local i.e. Village Development Committees to up DDC (District Development Committee) with access information and spaces to participate to share the rights of indigenous peoples focusing on IPs women to participate on the planning session of government agencies, etc

 

Result/Output 1.4:

At least 2 good practices of indigenous peoples relating to sustainable natural resource management systems, adaptation plans and strategies, indigenous knowledge on food sovereignty and traditional livelihoods are documented, published, disseminated and adapted for replication by at least 2 partner organizations.

 

Indicators 1.4:

1.4.1. Number of good practices documented-1.

1.4.2. Number of good practices published and disseminated-1

1.4.3. Number of good practices adapted for replication-1

1.4.4. Number of partner organizations that replicated the good practices-2

1.4.5. Number of coordination for exposure visiting-2.

14.5. Number of exposure visiting nationa-1, international-1 

 

Activities 1.4: 

Document and publish good practices relating to sustainable natural resource management, adaptation practices and food sovereignty.

 

Carried out Activities:

A case study on good practice has been completed in the Kulung community falls at Bala VDC (Village Development Committee) in Sankhuwasabha district.

 

Result/Achievements:

Another case study on Good Practices of sustainable management of Himalaya Giant Nettle, adaptation and their livelihood has been completed in Kulung Community at Beteni Village of Sankhuwasabha District.  The Case study has been focuses on mainly good traditional practices on sustainable natural resource management, adaptation of the practices and food sovereignty. The case study helps to understand, recognition and awareness on indigenous peoples’ knowledge, practices and skills in managing forest and natural resources in sustainable manner. Similarly, the document of the case study shows to lobby and advocate at different stages on the rights and access of indigenous peoples and forest dependent communities to use of forest and natural resources and management for their livelihoods. 

 

Outcome 2: Indigenous peoples in selected areas in Asia have secured their rights to land, territories and resources, including forests.

 

Result/output 2.2

2.2  At least 3 indigenous communities in selected countries in Asia are able to develop and submit their community-based natural resource inventory and community maps to relevant government agencies.

 

Indicators:

2.3  2.2.1. Number of community maps developed by indigenous communities-2.

2.4  2.2.2. Number of resource inventories prepared by the communities-2.

2.5  2.2.3. Number of community maps and resource inventories submitted to the governments-2.

 

Activities 2.2:

Facilitate and organize training and community seminars on resource inventory, community mapping and community biodiversity monitoring.

 

Carried out Activities:

Three resource inventory orientation programs had been lunched in district level. The resource inventory activities were conducted 2 in Kulung and 1 in Tamang communities two ecological region.

 

Result/Achievements:

The targeted communities are aware on the issues which are related on forest resources, National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, natural resources and relationship between biodiversity and indigenous peoples. Also, the community representative knew about the values and role of traditional knowledge and skills which are the identity need to protect. At the time communities had collected chronological name of the natural or non-timber forest products such as herbals and their utility on traditional knowledge and practices based.

 

Result/Output 2.3:

At least 10 civil society organizations support at least 15 indigenous organizations in advocacy for the recognition and protection of their customary rights and forest rights.

 

Indicators:

2.3.1. Number of indigenous groups supported in advocacy work-2

2.3.2. Number of civil society organizations providing support to indigenous groups-2

2.3.3. Number of joint campaigns for land rights and customary rights-2

2.2.4. Number of participants (men, women and youth) in the advocacy and campaigns-55

 

Activities 2.3:

Conduct the community mapping and establish monitoring teams and develop the community based resource inventory.

 

Carried out Activities:

The resource inventory program had been conducted into three areas in two communities in two different ecological regions.

 

Result/Achievements:

The resource inventory maps have been prepared in participatory approach in the two communities i.e. Kulung community and Tamang Communities.Now, they become more familiar with the process.

 

Summary of key lessons learned

1.         It is clearly observed the gap in between young and old generation.  Older communities are more likely information and practical skills on traditional knowledge but young don’t go through.  They prefer to obtain new technologies. It seems gapes and conflicts in between two generation means traditional knowledge system must initiate to transfer to young in some way.

2.         If, the trends will go continue, it will be difficult   to protect and alive traditional knowledge and skills.

3.         According to field study, traditional knowledge based occupation such as weaving of stringing nettle thread in Kulung communities in Sankhuwasava seems difficult to fulfill communities need for livelihood. The way of processing is time consuming; need post harvest care and risk for marketing of the products. Since historical era the communities are carry over the occupation but till today, communities are not economically viable to uplift socio-economic. 

4.         Therefore, Government must have clear long term provisions to facilitate and promote and protect traditional knowledge and skills based occupations of indigenous peoples and ensure their livelihood.

5.         Also, accessible, coordination, networking and communication are most important thing among the community and government.

6.         It is also important to establish micro-enterprises governing by the proper indigenous communities, minimize the trading system in between producers and traders in business schemes.

7.         Sustainable harvesting and conservation of species that use for thread preparation need to initiate. 

 

Summary of key challenges, conclusion and recommendation

Following key challenges were encountered

1.         There was difficult to manage resource persons from Nepal Government to interaction with community participation.

2.         The Government policy and guidelines has been difficult to understand in community level.

3.         Government itself could not implement their plan in the grass root level.

4.         Because of Mother tongue, Nepali language could not understand properly in the community level.

5.         Due to lack of openness and familiar, resource person could not manage to fully interaction of the same community.

6.         Lack of representation of the communities on the process of national plans and programs. The needs of grass roots peoples are to be incorporated in national plans and programs.  But grassroots communities do not have opportunity take representative in the planningprocess. Only political parties represent and government line agencies have access to participate on the process. If the indigenous representatives take part on the plan and program of the government could be able to place the views of the indigenous issues but government agencies and political parties never take positively.

7.         Geographical distance is one of the challenges to get facilitation to the community by the government and other agencies.

8.         Resource persons, IEC and training materials must be in mother language while educating people at village.  

 

 

Summary of key Conclusion:

While having the interaction program in these communities become friendlier and wish to have a dialects, more interaction and willingness is few indication of success within the short period of time. The communities are getting opportunity to interaction among the government representative community level then national level, Indigenous experts, and related subjective resource persons. So, they are exiting to promote their skill, knowledge with coordinating stakeholders.  Also, government focal persons are positive in the issues of natural resources and indigenous and indigenous women issues need to be addressed. The targeted communities has been started to coordinate with governmental line agencies. Therefore, the program activities are fruitful for the community. Although, the project is still young

 

Summary of Key Recommendation:

1.      Need based capacity enhancement and institutional strengthen program activities must be continue to promote the willingness of the indigenous peoples in targeted areas. Because governmental line agencies had expressed their positive views to secure indigenous peoples rights to participate governmental plan, natural resources, traditional knowledge and livelihood.   

 

Recommendation from communities

1.      Seed money to implement the learning activities

2.      Micro-finance program to establish Allo (Nettle) enterprises to promote traditional knowledge and skills based livelihood of indigenous peoples.

3.      The DNPWC (Department of National Park and Wildlife Conservation) provision to compensation for wildlife and human conflict resolution in local level.

 

Governments and Expert Recommendation is attached in the last:

 

1.      bASELINE INFORMATION (1 page)

Baseline report already completed and submitted to AIPP.

 

2.      Approaches and Methods (1/2page)

 

A participatory approach was used to participate in each activity, two networks has been formed in the district level to coordination and implement project. Both network committees are seven members. The name of the network is 'Indigenous Nationalities Women Network' (INWN). NGO-FONIN coordinates with network, member organization and branch office of NGO-FONIN. Network team will coordinate with member organization, branches in local and they decision about program venue, place, and select participants with combine meeting with the community.

 

The program is conducting in two districts namely Sankhuwasabha, Makawanpur and national level program in the Kathmandu.The program was basically organized in a formal way of an orientation cum interaction ensuring the interactive participatory approach.

 

Experts from the government and freelancer and focal persons on the subject matters were invited to orient the participants about natural resources, procedures of inventorying them, policies, guidelines and programs of the government at local level and national level along with the importance of local natural resources in sustainable development that relates with the livelihoods of indigenous peoples and local people.

 

Laptop, LCD Projector, Handouts, Flipcharts, board/permanent marker, white board, chart paper, brown papers and other stationeries (notepad, ball pen etc.) were used to support the program.

 


 

3.       Achievements under each output/outcome based on project document (3-4 pages)

 

REFLECT BRIEFLY ON THE OUTCOME ABOVE AND THEN ON EACH OF THE OUTPUTS BELOW.

Outcome 1: The capacity of indigenous peoples, including indigenous women, in selected countries in Asia are strengthened to articulate and assert their rights and indigenous knowledge relating for sustainable natural resource management, climate change, food sovereignty and livelihoods at national, regional and international levels.

 

 

 

Strategy of intervention

Project activities/process

Results and achievements

Baseline study

 

Organization(s) of target communities (Kulung and Tamang) and Key informants were primarily consulted and later a field visit was made for primary data collection through focus group discussion, literatures and secondary data were reviewed, analysed and reports were made.

·         Baseline report is produced.

Result/output 1.1:

Strengthened information sharing mechanisms at the regional level for continuous awareness-raising among indigenous peoples in Asia 

 

·    Policies: Collected of government policies on related with natural resource management to distribute the target communities.

 

·    Orientation: Orientation program was conducted on government policies on natural resources program in Churiya Mai VDC on 29 and 30 March 2014. The resource persons were managed by the government agencies such as - District Development Committee, District office of Forestry, District branch office of industry, District office of women and child, District office of National Park. The total participants were 33 persons. Female were 30 persons and male were 3 persons.  20 participants were between the ages of 25 to 35 years,  10 persons were 35 to 45 years and 3 persons were 45 to 50 years. From the educational perspective In the total participants 3 persons were running Bachelor degree, 1 person was SLC, 1 person was Intermediate of Arts (IA), 5 persons were under SLC, 23 persons were normal participants who had taken knowledge through informal education. And this program was conducted in Khandbari, Sankhuwasabha  on 21 and 22 March 2014. The total participants were 45 persons, female were 36 persons and 9 persons were male. The age bar of participants were as follows.  19 persons were between 20 to 30 years, 13 persons were 30 to 40 years, and 4 persons were 40 to 50 years. Academically 2 persons were running in bachelor degree, 7 persons were I.A., 5 persons were SLC passed and 9 persons were under SLC and remained 23 persons were normal educated by information education system. There were formed two district coordination network committee in both districts. The name of the coordination network committee is 'Indigenous Nationalities Women Network' (INWN). So this network selects the local community to participate in the program with their collective decision conducting required meeting and they inform to the participants and give details information about the program.

 

·    Website: Reset up; upgrade the website of NGO-FONIN for making mobile and users' friendly and ensure enough space to upload information, visual matters in the website.

 

·    FM program: FM program; Jingle program are broadcasting to make aware on Free Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) on Kulung language and Khas Nepali language from Gurans FM, 107.5 MHZ  Khandbari                                                                                       Sankhuwasabha. Jingle is playing by the FM 4 times in a day Khas Nepali Language and 4 times in Kulung Language, total 56 times in two languages are broadcasting the jingle in a week, 224 time in a month and 1,344 times in 6 month. And the same jingle program is also broadcasting on the Tamang language and Khas Nepali language from Palung FM, 107.2 MHz, Palung 04,                                                                                  Makawanpur at the same time. The both FM program have been agreed to broadcast on air from 1st April to end of September 2014. The entire jingle program has been agreed for 50 second to 2 minute for one time. The Gurans FM's researched data shows that one time directly two Lakh (two hundred thousand) peoples snoop and same range repeating every time for the target group and all community in Sankhuwasabha district and her neighbor districts. And it can also be downloaded and can be listened from the FM's website.

Similarly the Palung FM's researched data shows that one time directly one Lakh (One Hundred thousand) peoples snoop and same range repeating every time for the target group and all community.

 

·    Media coverage: National printed news called Gorkhapatra Daily has covered news about the program and three local printed media have covered about these project activities, purpose and target groups and conducted events and impacts.

 

·    Meeting: Three times sharing meeting were conducted with board and staff for sharing the updated activities, plan and fulfilment of further program 

·    The following government policies were collected to distribute and orientate to the community. Government of Nepal Ministry of Forestry, Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development,  Ministry of Industry, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Science Technology and Environment, Ministry of Women Children and Social Welfare, Ministry of Youth and Sport and National Planning Commission.

 

·    Community were made aware on natural resources, policies, program, activities, strategy, working approaches, participation methodology of government agencies, district development committee, district forests office, National Park and Wild Animal Conservation Department, Women, Children & Social Welfare Department, Department of Cottage and Small Scale Industry Development Committee.

 

·    Coordination between community and related government agencies has been developed.

 

·    Information and communication about the activities of the project has been enhanced through upgrading the website of NGO-FONIN.

 

·    Communities are being empowered and have become aware on the Free Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC), indigenous rights and indigenous women rights.

 

·    The communities are well informed on their rights through the printed and broadcasting on air on mass media.

 

·    Gape has been fulfilled of the project activities and activities plan made.

Result/output 1.2

At least 2 training manuals on the collective rights of indigenous peoples to land territories and resources; and indigenous women rights and their roles and contribution in natural resource management systems and 2 educational materials (posters, comic books, videos etc.) are produced, translated and distributed in at least 6 languages.

·    Video/Document: Itis on work in progress to translate in Nepali, Kulung and Tamang languages and video editing.

·    It is on wok in progress.

Result/Output 1.3:

At least 5 indigenous peoples organizations are trained on Community Education and Public Awareness (CEPA) on Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD), Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC), advocacy, lobbying and negotiation skills, monitoring and evaluation and other training as needed.

 

·    CEPA Program on National Level: One National Level CEPA Program was conducted on the topic of CBD, FPIC, ILO nom 169, UNDRIP, Natural resources, government policies, program, plan related with natural resources by resource person from Government Ministries related experts, IPs subject related experts and expert from related INGOs. The program was conducted on 04 to 06 May 2014 in Orchid Hotel Tripureshowr Kathmandu. In the CEPA program there were 35 persons participants, 28 persons were female and 7 persons were male.  From the education perspective 17 persons were passed M.A., 5 persons were completed B.A., 3 persons were I.A. 2 persons were SLC and other remained participants were under SLC. In the age bar 17 persons Participants were 20 to 30 years, 13 persons were 30 to 40 years and 5 persons were 40 to 50 years. In the CEPA program, 5 resource persons were managed from the government, 5 from IPs experts and 2 from INGOs The CEPA program was conducted residentially three days in Kathmandu. The participants were from two districts belonging of Kulung and Tamang community and two each participants were from the member organization and program partner organization of AIPP.

And education materials were distributed to the participants about FPIC, Climate change educations. The education material on Climate Change were prepared by Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities (NEFIN) and the materials on ILO 169, CBD leaflet, Climate change leaflet, CEDAW, UNDRIP were distributed produced by NGO-FONIN.  Whereas the material on FPIC was produced by AIPP and translated by NEFIN accompanying the one produced by NGO-FONIN focusing to the AIPPNORAD specific project target communities needs.

 

·    CEPA Program on Districts Level: Two CEPA programs were conducted in the two districts on the subject of CBD, FPIC, ILO 169, CBD, UNDRIP, Natural Resources. One CEPA program was conducted from 25 to 26 May 2014 in the Churiyamai, Makawanpur. The total participants were 43 persons, female were 40 and 3 persons were male. In the age bar, 5 persons was between 20 to 30, 25 persons were between 30 to 40, 10 persons were between 40 to 50 and 3 were between 50 to 60. In the educational perspective 3 were B.A., 7 were I.A. 9 persons were SLC, 7 persons were under SLC and remain 20 persons were normal educated.

Similarly the other one of CEPA program was conducted from 28 to 29 May 2014 in the Khandbari of Sankhuwasabha district. The total participants were 33 persons, Female were 27 persons and 5 persons were male. From the age bar perspective 11 persons were between 20 to 30, 17 were between 30 to 40 and remain 5 persons were 40 to 50. In the education perspective 3 persons were running B.A., 5 persons were I.A., 7 were SLC, and remain 18 participants were under SLC.

 

·    FPIC: FPIC handbook has been developed on Nepali version in general understanding by the community level under the collecting FPIC materials and this FPIC material has been translated in the Kulung and Tamang Language.

 

·    Refreshing Training for Capacity Building on
Financial Management and Good governance
: The One Finance training was conducted in the national level on 09 to 10 May 2014. The training was focused on the financial management system of office. The participants were selected from the AIPP's Nepal members' organizations NEFIN, NIWF, YFIN and AIPP's program partner organizations LAHURNIP and FONIJ of Nepal. Two participants were selected from each organization. Resource person was hired to the expert on related subject. The total participants were 19 persons, female were 10 persons And 9 persons were male. In the age perspective 7 persons were between 20 to 30 years and 10 persons were between 30 to 40 years. By the education perspective 15 persons were M.A. completed and 4 persons were completed B.A.

The following courses were oriented in the training program.

·    Budget and budgeting, Bank Operation, Financial Reporting, Monitoring system from the perspective of finance.

·    Advance, financial Supporting Documents , Keeping Record of Income and Expenditure, Targeted and Achieved budget as per strategic plan, Donor Fund Status, Budget and Utilization (%),Fund Balance, Bank Accounts,  Financial capacity development Priorities, Problem and Challenges: Financial and Accounting Guideline, Necessary authorised, document of the organisation, Human resources Policies, Institutional good governance policies, Financial Administration, Advance Request Form, Expenses Claim Form, Policy of resource person remuneration, Government Taxes was trained.

·    Participants have become aware on CBD, FPIC, ILO nom 169, UNDRIP, Natural resources, government policies, program, plan related with natural resources. Most of the ministry level program and planned was discussed. So government resource persons are committed to put program and activities on the issues of IPs and representative on the planning session. And the coordination has also been developed among the IPOs organization and government agencies. Specially Government of Nepal Ministry of Forestry  Soil and Conservation, Ministry of Science Technology and Environment, Ministry of Culture Tourism and Civil Aviation, Ministry of Federal Affair Local Development, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare, Ministry of Youth and Sports, National Planning Commission.

 

·   The Communities are empowered on the rights of indigenous issues particularly on legal perspective. They also started to demand for sustaining their traditional occupation and to participate in the planning session of government agencies - VDC, DDC etc. Now the communities are engaged to make Gender, Equity and Inclusive Plan(GESI) and Natural Resource Friendly plan inclusive of  IPs, IPs Women, IPs Youth, IPs Senior Citizen, IPs Third Sex etc. for demanding further to the government agencies to place them in the national plan of action .

Specifically, indigenous women are engaged in the designing the programs that make aware on the rights of indigenous women, sustainable use of natural resources, mobilization of indigenous women, traditional skills development so that they can put forward their needs to the concerned government agencies.

 

 

·    FPIC education materials developed in the Khas-Nepali language was not understood well by the target community so this document has been translated on the community languages i.e. Kulung and Tamang. 

 

·    Participants learned about financial system of the office, project, program activities and daily expenses with financial management of the government related systems and taxes.

Result/Output 1.4:

At least 2 good practices of indigenous peoples relating to sustainable natural resource management systems, adaptation plans and strategies, indigenous knowledge on food sovereignty and traditional livelihoods are documented, published, disseminated and adapted for replication by at least 2 partner organizations.

·    Case study on good practices: One case study report has been completed on Kulung Community at Beteni Village of Sankhuwasabha, Nepal on Good Practices of sustainable management of Himalaya Giant Nettle, adaptation and their livelihood.

 

·    Case study document has been prepared on good practices on sustainable resource management, adaptation practices and food sovereignty.

·    This case study helped to recognition and awareness raising on indigenous peoples’ knowledge in managing the forest and natural resources sustainably.

·    This case study helped to Lobby and advocacy at different levels on the rights and access of indigenous peoples and forest dependent communities to forest and natural resources use and management.

 

 

Outcome 2: Indigenous peoples in selected areas in Asia have secured their rights to land, territories and resources, including forests.

 

REFLECT BRIEFLY ON THE OUTCOME ABOVE AND THEN ON EACH OF THE OUTPUTS BELOW.

 

 

 

Strategy of intervention

Project activities/process

Results and achievements

Result/output 2.1:

At least 20 indigenous leaders (men and women) are trained on resource inventory, community mapping and biodiversity monitoring

 

 

 

Result/output 2.2

2.6              At least 3 indigenous communities in selected countries in Asia are able to develop and submit their community-based natural resource inventory and community maps to relevant government agencies.

 

·    Resource inventory Orientation Program: Three resource inventory programs were conducted in the district level.

The total participants were 31 in Beteni village. There were 25 persons female and 6 persons male.  This program was conducted in the Beteni village of Sankhuwasabha district on 19 to 20 March 2014 . According to the age bar, there were 7 persons between 20 to 30 years, 7 persons were between 30 to 40 years, 8 persons were between 40 to 50 and 9 persons were between 50 to 60 years.

Similarly there were 41 participants in the Khandbari in the resource inventory program. The program was conducted on 22 March 2014. They were 35 female and 6 persons were male. According to age bar there were 16 persons between 20 to 30 years, 17 persons were between 30 to 40 years and remaining 8 persons were between 40 to 50 years.

It was conducted this program in the Churiya Mai VDC of Makawanpur on 29 March 2014. Total participants were 35 in the Tamang community. There were 32 persons female and 3 persons were male.

·    The Communities have become aware about Forest, Conservation, and National Park and related with Natural Resources. They have collected name of resources, herbals and utilizations.

·    The communities have become aware on the relationship between bio-diversities and indigenous peoples and their identity with their traditional knowledge, skills and practices and they are to be protected.

·    Some of the collected name of herbs: Himalayan giant nettle (Girardinia Diversifolia), cardamom, Swertia, ginger, turmeric, he nut (castanopsis tribuloides),  mushroom, rhododendron, artemisia vulgaris, broom-grass, Curcuma/ zedoaria/ white turmeric or zedoary . Chimphing (small shrub roots tonic) etc.

Result/Output 2.3:

At least 10 civil society organizations support at least 15 indigenous organizations in advocacy for the recognition and protection of their customary rights and forest rights.

·    Community base resource inventory workshop:  Two community based resource inventory programs were conducted in the district level. The resource maps were drawn by the community of Kulung and Tamang. This program was conducted in the Churiya Mai VDC Makwanpur at 30 March 2014. Total participants were 39 in the Tamang community. There were 36 persons female and 3 persons were male. Similarly there were 47 participants in the Kulung community 37 were female and 10 persons were male. This program was conducted on 23 March 2014.

·    Kulung community and Tamang Communities resource inventory maps were drawn by participatory approach. They knew their territory land boundary and natural resources..

Result/Output 2.4:

At least 2 indigenous communities from among the five partner countries in Asia have secured community land titles and forest rights.

 

 

 

 

 

REFLECT BRIEFLY ON THE OUTCOME ABOVE AND THEN ON EACH OF THE OUTPUTS BELOW.

OUTCOME 3:  Indigenous peoples, particularly indigenous women, in the selected countries in Asia have sustained their engagements in relevant mechanisms, processes and bodies relating to biodiversity, sustainable development and climate change at national, regional and international levels.

 

 

 

Strategy of intervention

Project activities/process

Results and achievements

Result/output 3.1: At least 10 indigenous women leaders in selected countries in Asia are engaged in advocacy and lobbying at the national, regional and international levels.

 

- Quantitative and qualitative information on awareness and capacity building relating to total beneficiaries, participation in the processes.

- gender dis-aggregated data 

-

- this should be reported in relation to the indicators in output and outcome level

-

 

4.      MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF THE PROJECT INTERVENTION (1/2 page)

  1. NGO-FONIN has its own monitoring system being mobilized the Executive Board Members and welcomes to any monitoring team commissioned by development partners and the government agencies.  Further, NGO-FONIN reviews program bi-annually and carry out Joint Annual Review annually (with partners) hiring external independent consultant. For this project NGO-FONIN will follow self-evaluation by the board members as well as carry out final evaluation hiring an external independent consultant at the end of project. However, at this period no monitoring activity was carried out.

 

  1. Internal project activities have been monitored which indicate some positive changes such as communities are empower, aware, educate on indigenous issues particular IPs women regarding natural resources, livelihood, traditional knowledge, skills and occupation and involvement on policies. Also, governmental line agencies have respect and willing to incorporate the indigenous people, indigenous women network for further program activities. Also, the governmental line agencies have been requested the targeted communities to access the financial support for their common work.
  2. As for rule and mandatory of NGO-FONIN will be organized the monitoring and evaluation activities of the project.

 

5.      KEY LESSONS LEARNED (1/2 page)

·         Key lessons and good practices

1.      Communities become more willingness

2.      They become more open than before and have started to communicate, coordinate with other line agencies

3.      It is identify the good practices of TK and skills on the targeted communities

4.      How difficulties and barriers are there such geographical, languages and accessibilities

5.      Governmental line agencies have been realized the values and contribution of  indigenous peoples, indigenous women on natural resources, knowledge and skills for sustainable management and conservation

 

·         Innovative methods and practices

1.      Since the historical period of time IPs women in Sankhuwasabha are used to familiar to use nettle for making fiber and weaving cloths, medical practices, agriculture, producing seeds, identifying wild foods/stuff, medicinal herbs, plants, flower, wild bees, aquatic resources and water resources etc.  Similarly Tamang are friendly with natural resources to fulfill their domestic requirements.

 

2.      The resources inventories are carried out in the targeted areas.  Also the chronological name of herbal plants has been documented in participatory methods 

 

·         Breakthrough as the successful achievement having wider impacts

1.      Willingness and eagerness of IPs and IPs women to be aware on their rights and to improve their livelihoods was demonstrated quite impressive and convincing in Sankhuwasabha.

2.      Governmental line agencies has been expressed their interest to respect, recognize and incorporate indigenous peoples views for future planning activities in the targeted areas.

 

6.      DEVIATION FROM IMPLEMENTATION PLAN (1/2 page)

AIPP South Asia Sub-Regional Meeting 20 – 21 February 2014, Kathmandu, Nepal has decided to organize a financial training for 4 AIPP Member organizations and 2 program implementing partners' organizations. According to the proposed to organize the financial training, NGO-FONIN/AIPP-NORAD project was the responsible to the training.

 

The training program is the supportive for financial management system of the AIPP Member organization and Program implementer partner organizations.

 


7.      OBSERVED RISKS/CHALLENGES AND MANAGEMENT OF RISKS (Both internal and external risks)  (1/2 page)

Observed risks and challenges

Management of risks/challenges

Remarks

   
   

Gapes and no access information sharing in between communities and Constitution Assembly members

Coordination, lobby and advocacy to make dialects

internal

   

Communities are less aware on government policies, plan and resources allocation on TK, based occupation, livelihood 

Training, orientation program coordinating, lobby with government agencies to ensure IPs rights and meaningful participation on the policy formation and related stakeholders. 

internal

   

Coordination gap among government agencies and stakeholders

Frequently coordination will be done with government and stakeholders

internal

   

Community peoples could not understand well about natural resources and indigenous rights.

Documents will be published on community language and orientation program will be conducted.

internal

   

 Community have hand mouth problem. They need support with training, orientation program.

Community will be trained about Government resources and access to resources and use of natural resources.

internal

   

Due to impacts of Climate change food and water insecurity are alarmingly in the targeted areas, wild fire, disappearing of freshwater sources. Communities are unknowingly adaptation the change of climate 

CEPA, Training, lobby, advocacy, TK based Climate change field research inventory, case studies, story and history collection and TK based adaptation.

external

 

 

Disappearing of TK on medicinal flora and fauna and for conservation and sustainable use

Inventory, CEPA, Research, documentation, institutional strengthen, advocacy and network to transfer the knowledge and practices

external

 

 

 

8.      WORK PLAN (for next 6 months to 1 year, as appropriate)

Revised work plan already submitted.

 

9.      SUMMARY OF THE FINANCE (as compared to the proposed budget)

The project contains approved budget amount to US dollar 54,160 (Fifty Four Thousand one hundred sixty) equivalent NRs. 5,416,000 (Fifty four Hundred Sixteen Thousand) on Nepalese amount. According to fund release terms, amount NRs. 3,892,922 has received by NGO-FONIN in Two terms. In terms of fund expenses 40.63% budget has been utilised against the total budget. But, 53.71% fund has utilised on the base of actual fund received up to now (NRs. 2,091,012 expended   against actual received fund NRs. 3,892,922).  Fund utilization flow has not been equal in all planed activities due to national Barrie (National Constitution Assembly affected in the implementation process because Social welfare council did accept project plan before the election process) of program implementation. Remaining approved balance budget is amount NRs. 3,343,568 and bank balance of achieved fund is Amount NRs. 1,592,544.70 which is to expend on the remaining Consecutive planed interventions. Summary of fund utilization against proposed /agreed budget are as under:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fund Accountability Statement

Period : 01/01/2014 To 31/05/2014                                                                                                                Amount (NRs.)                                                                                                                                                                  

Particulars

Till Previous Period A                (Sept. to Dec. 2013)

Current Period B (Jan. to May 2014)

Total Expenses=A+B

Approved (Grant/Budget) D

Balance (Grant/Budget) E=D-C

Fund Utilization% F=C/D*100

SOURCE OF FUND

GRANT RECEIVED

1,329,628

2,563,294

3,892,922

5,416,000

1,523,078

71.88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPLICATION OF FUND

EXPENDITURE

Baseline survey

109,840

-

109,840

270,000

 

40.68

Output-1: Indigenous peoples, including indigenous women, in selected countries in Asia are strengthened to articulate and assert their rights and indigenous knowledge relating for sustainable natural resource management, climate change and food sovereignty at local.

-

787,458

768,878

1,610,000

841,122

48.91

Output-2:  Indigenous communities in selected   areas in Asia have secured their rights to land, territories and resources and forests rights.

-

361,156

361,156

1,540,000

1,178,844

23.45

Output-3: Indigenous peoples, including indigenous women, in Asia have sustained their engagements in the mechanisms, processes related to biodiversity, sustainable development and climate change at national, regional and international levels.

-

-

-

100,000

Total program Output Cost

109,840

1,148,614

1,239,874

3,520,000

2,280,126

35.22

Capital  and Utility Cost (Equipments)

54,389

173,707

228,096

486,000

257,904

46.93

Staff  Cost (Staff Salary and Benefits)

260,822

343,640

604,462

1,180,000

575,538

51.23

COORDINATION, MONITORING, EVALUATION

-

-

-

230,000

230,000

-

 Total Expenditure

425,051

1,665,961.47

2.091.012

5,416,000

3,343,568

38.26

 BALANCE OF FUND

904,577

915,912

1,820,490

-

-1,820,490

 

NET FUND BALANCE REPRESENTED BY:

Amount(NRs.)

         

     BANK

1,592,544.70

         

     Advance/Deposit

239,414

         

     PAYABLE

-30,049.12

         

Fund Balance

1,820,489.58

         

 

 

10.  CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

 

Concluding message

Considering the expected results and set indicators of the activity programs the contents and knowledge shared by the experts on the concerned themes were found related with the livelihood of indigenous peoples specifically to the indigenous women. The interest and curiosity of the participants were raised and found a motivational program to manage their traditional knowledge, skills and practices related on natural resources and livelihood in local as well as to inspire them on learning more about their rights and practical procedures accompanying State's mechanisms at local and national level.

It was also found that state mechanisms at local level on natural resources management and making their inventory was somehow aware but they were unable to disseminate at grass roots level. In fact the gap for bridging between grass roots peoples and the local bodies of State mechanisms were somehow fulfilled by the program.

 

Last but not the least is the presentation made by the concerned resource persons are invaluable and observed meaningful for the grass roots peoples as well as for the process of knowledge management and establishing resource center. All the presentations were Khas-Nepali language so only the contents and zist of them are mentioned in the reports at least to reflect for non-Nepali national.

 

 


Concrete recommendations:

Government Resources Persons Recommendations:

 

Chandra Kanta Poudel (Mr), Under Secretary,

Nepal Government Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation

ABS Bill is going to finalize. The bill is for community not for government. Government is only ruling and structure body. So Community means also IPs. So all community feedback has values and contributions are important. It should not obstruction to pass. We can amendment in also coming days. It will be difficult to amend after the passing bill.

 

 

 

Ser Singh Thakunna (Mr) Under secretary

Department of National Park and Wildlife Conservation (DNPWC)

National Park is identity and property of the state, relate with indigenous peoples and local community. 

 

 

Jayaram Shrestha (Mr)

Under Secretary

Nepal Government Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation

Indigenous Peoples have Oral Traditions, Expressions including language,Performing Arts, Social Practices, rituals and festive events, knowledge and practices Concerning nature and the universe, Traditional Craftsmanship. So government of Nepal is also practicing.

 

 

 

 

Gokarna Raj Sharma (Mr),Local Development Officer (LDO)Nepal Government, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development. His presentation was covered the policies, program, plan, process and budgets related on natural resources in local, awareness, capacity building, institutional strengthen, development, income generation and empower and detail access mechanism via  District Development Committee, VDC and Ward in Makawanpur District

 

1.      Strategies:  Empowerment, main-streaming and capacity development of community focuses indigenous, indigenous women, women, dalit and minorities

2.      Policy:  Emphasis on social inclusion for policy, planning, program and implementation, monitoring and follow up

 

Mahamd Ati Ullaha (Mr)

Assistant Forests Officer, Nepal Government Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, District Forests Office Makawanpur

 

Status of botany and biodiversity and classification of forest and forest development program. The forest development program was further categorized and explained as (a) Community Forest Development Program, (b) National Forest Dev. and Management Program, (c) Wildlife Protection Programs, (d) Nepal President Chure Protection Program and (e) District Herbal Export Status.

 

Recommendation

1.      Forest is the asset of the state and community and the life of people so need to protect it.

2.      Forest and natural resources are integral part of the life

3.      Forest and Natural Resources are particularly related closely with women. So women's rights are also joined with forest and natural resources. Despite of this, the return of the forest and natural resources are under the control of men. Therefore, women need to advocate on their rights.

4.      Identity of human is related with natural resources, traditional skills, and mother tongue. It is because the natural resources are the means of protecting the traditional skills of indigenous peoples and indigenous women.

5.      Forest is linked with religious, cultural heritages.

 

Nepal Government Ministry of Industry, Department of Cottage and Small Scale Industry, Development Committee, Makawanpur District,

 

Recommendations

1.      Committee of Cottage and Small Industry, traditional skills and knowledge. Women need to be proactive to mobilize women for further empowerment to implement the government policies.

2.      The committee is particularly working on focusing to women at local community level in which women need to take a lead for it proper implementation.

3.      State is taking initiatives to manage the arts, cultures and traditional resources related with women that requires a partnership between right-holders and stakeholders.

 

Kajiman Rai (Mr)

Acting Local Development Officer (LDO) Sankhuwasabha,Government of Nepal, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MOFALD), District Development Committee, Sankhuwasabha presented 'The Concept of Gender Equality and Social Inclusion and Commitments of Government of Nepal.'

 

Gender and Development, Gender Equality and Equity, Commitments of Government of Nepal and the commitments were explained under two categories such as International Commitments (Treaties) and National Commitments (Acts, Planning Documents).

 

Pratibha Mishra (Ms), Department Chief

 

Nepal Government Ministry of Women Children & Social Welfare, Makawanpur, Women Development Program, Priorities of Women Development Program, Target Groups Women and Children and activities

1.      Women are in majority but they are in out of opportunity. Women selves need to come forward for capacity and leadership development.

2.      Rights of are in policies and guidelines are not being implemented properly. 

3.      Women are deprived of their rights in own family.

4.      Lack of education in women deprive on rights.  Women are required to put forward for education.

5.      Women are in family and society is more controlled by women themselves. 

6.      Women are able to receive general rights then only rights related with women such as natural resources, traditional skills, and cultural heritage will be possible to assert and protect. Women need to be aware on it.

7.      State must be positive to establish the rights of women. Women access in every level of policy making is required. 

 

Sunil Kumar Karna (Mr) Assistant Forests Officer, Government of Nepal, Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, District Forest Office, Sankhuwasabha.

 

Forest classification: Private Forest and National Forest.  The national forest was further classified into 5 sub-categories e.g. Community Forest, Leasehold Forest , Religious Forest, Protected Forest, Forest managed by the government. history of forest management and described the 5 steps (a) Investigation and Identification (b) Negotiation (c) Implementation (d) Review and (e) Re-examination.

 

Background of inventory of community forest with five sub-titles such as (i) Principle (ii) Working Area (iii) Structure of Guideline (iv) Learning Process of Forest Consumers Group (v)Budget Preparation Process an (vi) Policies on Natural Resources and Forest. The structure of guideline was further discussed elaborating into four sub-elements. 1. Preparing forest resource survey, 2. Gathering information of Forest Resource Survey. 3. Analysis of the Information and 4. Utilization of the Information

 

Mr. Rajesh Lamsal (Mr) Assistant Conservation Officer,

Government of Nepal, Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, National Park and Wild Animal Conservation Department, Makalu Barun National Park Office, Sankhuwasabha

 

Introduction characteristics and the challenges

 

Recommendation

1.      Biodiversity close to human life, existence of human communities and their identities, situation of biodiversity are being protected by National Park, National Park protected by the State needs to be protected by all.

2.      Every biodiversity own specific element influence to an ecosystem of human life. So the natural resources are required to manage. National Park is directly affecting to women because there is a close relationship between forest and indigenous women. When forests are protected by the State then women cannot work freely in the forest as in the past. In such situation women should be recruited in the management of national park to increase women participation.

3.      Nepal has rare biodiversity in the world. It needs to be protected by all the communities because protecting biodiversity is protecting to cultural heritages are linked with the identity of community.

 

Recommendation from Experts:

 

Krishna Bhattachan (PhD)

T.U.

FPIC

UNDRIP

ILO 169

-Indigenous peoples have responsibility as watch dog for implementation by Nation.

 

 

Krishna Prasad Oli (PhD)

ICIMOD

 

-Sacred places, History, Culture, Dynamism Responsibilities and Conservation. 

 

 

 

Kesav Khanal (Mr)

WWF Nepal

-Climate change is not only impact to community, it impact to as whole the earth and nature. So when it is going to change day by day then directly it impacts to the indigenous peoples and community. So Indigenous peoples depend on the traditional knowledge, skills and activities but it should not be practicable. So Climate change issues must be aware by the indigenous peoples for the adaptation.

 

 

 

Shankar Limbu (Mr)

Advocate

LAHURNIP

-Indigenous Women should be organized to empowerment and do coordination with government agencies under the ILO No 169 Rights, Interim constitution 2064.

 

Krishna Man Pradhan (Mr)

Executive Director

Nepal Law, Society

- State is governing by law. Rights are mentioned of the women but are not directly for indigenous women. Indigenous women selves need to aware to demand ensure their rights on new constitution.

 

 

Way forward

1.      Continue the CEPA activities, institutionalized, strengthen and promote the issues via different approach. 

2.      Beside scheduled program of the project it is necessary for capacity enhance to reach government resources with concrete work plan e.g. LDO, Department of Women Development are willing to support them to work in different program

3.      Communities have recommended,  it will be better and applicable for IPs women for short term income generating training and program

 

11.              REFERENCES, If any

1.      Presentations from Resource person have been attached.

 

12.              ANNEXES, If any

Provide the list of

 

·                     Number and types of publications produced during the project period

The manuscripts of FPIC Education materials in Nepali, Kulung and Tamang Languages are on the process of printing.  A video translation is going which will be in Nepali, Kulung and Tamang langue. Also, poster on flex, leaflet on CBD, Article 8(j), 10c, Nagoya protocol, ABS, Traditional knowledge, skills, FPIC are going on and related manuals, etc.

 

 

·                     Number and type of events/workshops/seminars etc. held and your role in these

11 events were conducted where as 9 are in the two districts community level and 2 in the national level. It was conducted 1 to 1 orientation program on the government policies, program, guideline and natural resource in the two districts Makawanpur and Sankhuwasabha districts. , similarly 1 to 1 resource inventory orientation program was implemented in the both two districts.  1 was conducted resource information collecting workshop in the Makawanpur district and 2 in the Sankhuwasabha and 1 to 1 CEPA program was conducted in the both districts. Similarly 1 national level CEPA program was conducted in the Kathmandu and 1 financial management and good governance in the national level. The participants were participated from the two districts with board and staff in the CEPA national program and there were AIPP Member organizations and program implementers partners organizations representative were participated in the financial management training.

 

·                     Number and type of beneficiaries

Makawanpur district network developed plan to submit in the annual plan activities of government. They are coordinating with Local Development Officer (LDO). Specially 5 Tamang women and 2 Magar womens are innovated from the project. They are actively involving in the program activities and they following to the government agencies such VDC, forest organizations, DDC etc. like this ways they are also coordinating with government agencies, Women and children depart, district forests office and district wildlife conservation office.  Likewise sankhuwasabha district network is also coordinating with government agencies. They have also made plan to represent in the planning discussion in local from Nepal government. They are lobbing and coordinating in the government agencies in local. 3 male and 7 female are mostly involving in the lobby advocacy process.

 

·                     Number of participants attended particular capacity building activities and/or advocacy and lobby at different levels

The total 366 participants were participated in the 11 activities program.  276 participants were female and 90 were male. They have learned on indigenous issues, policies program of government and natural resources and preservation and identity of indigenous peoples. And indirectly more than 500 peoples are benefited by the sharing in the community level, their organizations and many events movements. Similarly, the FM jingle program directly and indirectly more than 3, 00,000 peoples are listening awareness at a one time about on the FPIC, Indigenous rights and natural resources.